Fire Protective Clothing

Helmets

Balaclava

Uvex Fire Goggles

Breathing Apparatus Sets

Structural Fire Fighting Bunker Suits

Bush Fire Fighting Coveralls

Gloves

Fire Fighting Boots – E20300

PPE

Symptoms of Heat Stress

Heat stress is a condition created when a person is exposed to extreme heat. There are several levels of heat ranging from heat rash to the most severe condition – heat stroke. The following will help you to recognize the symptoms of these conditions

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1. Recognise heat stroke

  • Slurred speech
  • Elevated body temperature
  • Chills
  • Dry, hot skin (no sweating)
  • Hallucinations
  • Throbbing headache
  • Confusion/dizziness

2. Recognize heat exhaustion

  • Rapid and shallow breathing
  • Muscle cramps
  • Moist, clammy skin
  • Dizziness, confusion
  • Extreme fatigue or weakness
  • Heavy sweating
  • Slight increase in body temperature
  • Pale complexion
  • Nausea

3. Recognize heat syncope

  • Dizziness
  • Light-headedness
  • Fainting

4. Recognize muscle spasms

  • Muscle spasms, usually in the arms, legs, or abdomen

5. Recognize heat rash

  • Small, red clusters of blisters or “pimples.” Most likely to appear on the upper chest, neck area, in the groin, under the breast, and in the crease of the elbow.

Exposure to smoke from fires

The smoke released by any type of fire (forest, brush, crop, structure, tires, waste or wood burning) is a mixture of particles and chemicals produced by incomplete burning of carbon-containing materials. All smoke contains carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and particulate matter (PM or soot).Smoke can contain many different chemicals, including aldehydes, acid gases, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), benzene, toluene, styrene, metals and dioxins. The type and amount of particles and chemicals in smoke varies depending on what is burning, how much oxygen is available, and the burn temperature.Exposure to high levels of smoke should be avoided. Individuals are advised to limit their physical exertion if exposure to high levels of smoke cannot be avoided.

Individuals with cardiovascular or respiratory conditions (e.g., asthma), fetuses, infants, young children, and the elderly may be more vulnerable to the health effects of smoke exposure.

 Inhaling smoke for a short time can cause immediate (acute) effects and include

  • Irritation to the eyes, nose, throat and lungs
  • Coughing
  • Temporary changes in lung function, which makes breathing more difficult
  • Inhaling carbon monoxide decreases the body’s oxygen supply.
    This can cause:

    • Headaches
    • Reduce alertness
    • Aggravation of a heart condition known as angina

Long term exposure to smoke can cause chronic effects that have been associated with

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Lung disease
  • Cancer